Association between obesity and depression symptoms in adolescents in Queretaro, Mexico
Objective: To identify the association between obesity and depression symptoms in adolescents attended in a family health center. Materials and Methods: An observational, cross-sectional, comparative study of Mexican adolescents aged 10 to 19 years integrated two comparison groups, adolescents with obesity and without obesity. The sample size was 97 adolescents per group, non-probabilistic sampling per quota was used. Depression was evaluated with the revised version of the Center for Epidemiological Studies (CESD-R) Depression Scale. The statistical analysis included averages, percentages, standard deviations, chi square test, odds ratio (OR), and confidence intervals for OR. Results: In the group of adolescents with obesity 48,5% presented depressive symptoms and in the group of adolescents without obesity 33% also presented depressive symptoms (p=0,02), RM was 1,90 (95%CI; 1,06-3,41). Conclusions: We found an association between obesity and depression symptoms in adolescents.