Intraventricular hemorrhage in premature infants under 28 weeks in general hospital of Lima, 2013 - 2017
Objective: To determine the incidence and clinical characteristics of intraventricular hemorrhage in premature infants younger than 28 weeks, born in a general hospital. Material and methods: This is an observational, retrospective cohort study, which included premature infants under 28 weeks gestational, who survived the first day of life and who had a brain ultrasound, born in the Cayetano Heredia Hospital from 2013 to 2017. Neonates with brain malformations and those with incomplete perinatal data were excluded. Results: During the study period, 21 722 newborns were born, of whom 84 were under 28 weeks of age, 72 children from 24 to 27
gestational weeks were included. The male / female ratio was 1.6. The HIV frequency was 58.3% (42/72). 52.4% (22/42) were found in the early form and 47.6% (20/42) in the late form. The severe degrees corresponded to 64% (27/42). Post hemorrhagic hydrocephalus occurred in 26% (11/42) and venous hemorrhagic infarction 21.4% (9/42). 51 patients died, with a fatality rate of 76.1% (32/42). Conclusions: HIV was very frequent, severe and lethal in premature babies <28 weeks, half of the cases occurred in the first three days and the rest during the first two weeks of life. Associated factors were lower birth weight, labor, and pneumothorax.
KEY WORDS: Prematurity, intraventricular hemorrhage, neonate.