A description of risk factors for mortality in adults with end-stage chronic kidney disease

Keywords: Renal insufficiency, chronic, Kidney failure, chronic, Renal replacement therapy, Renal dialysis, Peritoneal dialysis


Objective: to describe both clinical and demographic characteristics of patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) and the association of such variables with mortality. Materials and methods: this is an observational, descriptive, and cross-sectional study with an analytical approach, which was performed in the nephrology service of a private HMO in Florencia-Caqueta. We studied socio-demographic and clinical variables using univariate and bivariate analyses, applying an association test with mortality using the Chi-square test and simple logistic regression, aiming to calculate prevalence rates (PR). Results: twohundred and thirteen patients were assessed, their average age was 60.0 ± 1.4 years; 48.3% were female, and the recorded mortality rate was 29.3%. Factors associated with mortality were as follows: LDL-C <70 mg/dL (PR: 0.45, 95% CI: 0.24–0.84) and serum albumin <3.5 g/dL (PR: 12.65; 95% CI: 5.85–27.3). Conclusion: hypoalbuminemia and low LDL-C levels are associated with mortality in patients with ESKD in Florencia-Caqueta. Hypoalbuminemia is considered as a risk factor, while LDL levels <70 mg/dL are considered as a protective factor.


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Alvis-Peña D, Calderon-Franco C. A description of risk factors for mortality in adults with end-stage chronic kidney disease. Acta Med Peru [Internet]. 2020Jul.1 [cited 2024Mar.2];37(2). Available from: https://amp.cmp.org.pe/index.php/AMP/article/view/980